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Infographic: How to produce Texturized Vegetable Proteins (TVP) & High Moisture Meat Analogues (HMMA)

Vegan and Vegetarian meat substitute products have been gaining popularity in the last years. These meat analogues are based on plant-based proteins and come in various shapes and sizes.

But what does the production process look like? And what is the difference between Texturized Vegetable Proteins (TVP) and High Moisture Meat Analogues (HMMA)?

Get a glimpse behind the scenes in the following infographic:

Coperion production of TVP and HMMA Infographic

Even though meat substitutes are available in numerous forms and consistencies, they are mostly based on two types of plant-based proteins: Texturized Vegetable Proteins (TVP) and High Moisture Meat Analogues (HMMA).

TVP is known for its dry consistency and long shelf life when stored under normal ambient conditions. It is mostly offered as crumbles, flakes or even strips. As a result it is suitable for several dishes ranging from the classic spaghetti Bolognese to vegan chicken breast. When preparing TVP-based products, they need to be soaked in water or liquid as TVP requires dehydration before use.

HMMA on the other hand is characterized by its high proportion of moisture. It typically consists of 50-80% of water which is about the same as lean meat. Therefore it is used for many ready-to-eat meat dishes.

Both TVP and HMMA are manufactured using accurate feeding systems and a food extruder. When the melt discharges from the extruder, the set-up significantly differs from one another. While TVP is released and directly cut at the nozzle plate, HMMA requires a special cooling die. In the cooling die, which has been developed by the German Institute for Food Technology (DIL), the material is cooled down while being forced into a laminar flow. This way, a meat-like structure is created.

Originally, the set-up required two different systems. Since food manufacturers require more flexibility, Coperion has developed an adapter solution to quickly change the same base system from TVP to HMMA and vice versa. As a result, food producers can now use the very same food extruder for both applications.

Learn more about TVP, HMMA and our food equipment

Download the Infographic

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